Corona vaccine || How Long Will People Around The World Be Vaccinated Against The Virus?
The head of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanoma Ghabrais, said: Not just in countries that can afford immunizations because they are at risk everywhere.
The vaccine will play a key role in normalizing the post-epidemic world, but there are many obstacles and many countries may have a long way to go compared to many other countries.
In addition to the problems of vaccine supply facilities, for example, some states and political groups have started competing and a kind of ‘vaccine nationalism’ has emerged which has pushed the population of poor countries back in the line of vaccination.
There are other barriers to vaccination, including reluctance to vaccinate, production and supply of vaccines, etc., which block the use of vaccines for the purpose of the final fight against Code 19 globally.
Given these obstacles, how long can we hope that this global vaccination program against COVID will be really useful?
How is the vaccine process going?
Immunization programs against COVID 19 have been launched in many countries, but there is a mismatch between supply and demand.
According to Our World in Data (OWID), 565 million doses have been distributed in 138 countries so far and about 13.9 million people have been fed as of March 30.
Overall, this amount may seem overwhelming, but it is just a dose for 7.2% of the world’s 7.8 billion people.
If vaccinations continue at the same rate, it will take more than three years for everyone around the world to be vaccinated, especially when these vaccines require two doses to show their full effect.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) says most adults in rich economies could be vaccinated by mid-2022.
For middle-economy countries, this timeline extends to the end of 2022 or early 2023, while the world’s poorest countries may have to wait until 2024 for large-scale immunizations, if they get vaccinated.
What vaccines are in use?
The United Kingdom first approved Pfizer’s biotech vaccine on December 2 last year, then the United States and then the European Union.
This was followed by a number of other vaccines, including Moderna in the United States, AstraZeneca (developed by Oxford University in the UK), Cyanoform in China, and Sputnik Five in Synovik and Russia.
Two more vaccines have recently been introduced following the results of large-scale trials. It has been worked on in Japan and will be reviewed by drug regulators in several countries before the vaccines, owned by Johnson & Johnson and Novavix, are approved. Johnson & Johnson has received approval in the United States.
Encouraging signs of vaccine use are emerging in countries such as Israel and the United Kingdom, as hospital admissions and deaths are declining, as are community transmissions.
More than 200 vaccines worldwide are being tested for efficacy and safety. If they are approved and produced, global immunization programs could grow rapidly.
But despite the unprecedented effort to design, manufacture and approve these vaccines in record time, their global implementation is incredibly unstable as it faces a variety of hurdles.
What is ‘vaccine nationalism’?
‘Vaccine nationalism’ refers to governments that greedily or unjustly seek to obtain goods for their nation or population at the expense of others.
Many rich countries are buying vaccines indiscriminately and in excess under bilateral agreements with pharmaceutical countries.
Canada, for example, has ordered five times the amount of vaccines for its population, and will receive additional AstraZeneca vaccines from the United States, as announced by President Biden.
The United Kingdom has also been accused of stockpiling vaccines. Jeremy Farrer, director of Wellcome, says the UK will have enough food to vaccinate its entire population twice.
“We need to think beyond our borders,” he said. So many foods will not work in the UK, now is the time to start sharing these foods with the world in need. It’s more than just a question of ethics, it’s a scientific and economic necessity. “
Similarly, the European Union has spoken out against the imposition of export controls on vaccines manufactured in its territory because it too is facing difficulties in implementing its vaccination program.
All this means that the valuable supply of vaccines is limited to a handful of rich economies and is not being shared equally with poor countries.
Seth Berkeley, CEO of the Vaccine Alliance Gavi, said last month: The crisis will be longer than in 2009 [like the swine flu vaccine].
“Although vaccine doses are promised in every country, delays in their delivery have helped to spread the corona virus, change its shape and possibly adapt to the human body and adapt to conditions,” he said.
Are vaccines reaching where they should?
Many middle-economy countries and most low-income countries are relying on the Vaccine Coalition to protect their populations.
Organized by the WHO, the campaign aims to provide six billion meals to poor countries, including two billion in 2021.
So far, 32 million doses have been sent to 70 allied countries, with the latest deliveries to Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, according to the Vaccine Alliance.
African countries will be among the last to vaccinate most of their populations and will rely exclusively on cows.
Ghana is the first country to begin receiving vaccines last month on the promise of strict standards and prompt distribution, but the country of more than 30 million people has initially been given only 600,000 doses.
“Some [countries] have demanded patent exemptions from major pharmaceutical companies, which would lower food prices and make it easier to develop more vaccines.”
“But these big companies don’t agree because they know it will reduce their profits.”
But it is feared that if COVID-19 is allowed to spread unhindered worldwide, the virus could change to the point that existing vaccines and treatments can no longer work against it, even infecting them. Those who have been vaccinated will be at risk.
Italy, along with Germany, suspended the vaccination of AstraZeneca for several weeks until both countries were exposed to a third-wave infection, prompting the WHO to suspend vaccine protection. Was forced to issue related statements.
We have a large population of people providing immunity to the disease can?
Originally published at https://zaviews.blogspot.com.