Following the recent court order to convert the church into a mosque in Turkey , the question has intensified as to whether Turkey is moving towards the revival of the Khilafah.
The Ottoman Empire was a great empire spread over three continents, which was not revived as a caliphate, but later emperors took the title of caliph, issued a sermon in their own name, and this empire came to power after six hundred and fifty years.
Become part of the game of rise and fall. If we read the history of the Ottoman Empire carefully and ask whether it was a claim of Turkish racism? So history will answer “no”. The Ottoman Empire was a multicultural empire with dozens of non-Muslim and other small state units.
In its last days, when the Turks adopted racial prejudice and did not consider it credible to involve the Arabs in their campaigns due to their unrest, this became a major reason for the Arabs to hate the state (including burning oil). The work was done by TR Lawrence who made the Arabs more hateful to the Turks in the name of a separate state). But before that all the multicultural and religious units of the empire remained important to the empire. (In this regard, you can search on the Internet by typing “Turkish organizations” or simply “Organizations”; in addition to the multicultural units of Turkey, the Christian and Jewish regions of Europe and Africa due to their religious freedom The Ottoman Turkish sultans took special care of this, even holding key positions in the ranks of ministers, emirs, military chiefs, and non-Muslim Christians and Jews, from Yeni eri to ambassadors.
Here I would like to specifically refer to the non-Muslim bureaucrats who carried out the important affairs of the empire but were non-Muslims. Even before the First World War, a European man had fallen ill.
Many European territories, including Armenia, had fallen to Turkey, and repeated defeats by Russia played a key role in Turkey’s decline. But after the alliance with Germany and the defeat of the Allies, Turkey made several decisions for its survival, including the abolition of the Khilafah institution (which was under its own burden).
Withdrawal from Syria and Palestine and Arabia, in which Britain and France claimed the Arab territories and Syria and the surrounding areas, respectively; Embarrassing Terms of Agreement And decisions such as the withdrawal from many areas of the occupied Ottoman Empire.
But Atatrk’s struggle to save present-day Turkey, especially the defeat of the British army on the Gali Polly front and the dignified ceasefire and peace treaty to some extent, formed the basis of modern Turkey on which controversial or timely The need for a secular Turkey was also included.
Turkey has endured decades of poverty, struggle, corruption and martial law. When Erdogan was elected mayor of Istanbul and began to address Istanbul’s long-standing problems (including transport, improving slums, providing housing and improving law and order) and establishing the Justice Party, the Ministry The political journey from the Great to the Presidency; especially the trend towards Islamism, the promotion of a strictly secular to liberal Muslim society and its use for political purposes, the liberation from the IMF and the development of the country’s economy Base is one of the best economies and is once again an influential country regionally and internationally.
So is Turkey moving towards the Khilafah again? Only time will tell the answer to this question, but if we talk about the facts, it does not seem possible at the moment that there are some obstacles, such as;
Economic Barrier: Turkey is currently one of the 20 best economies in the world. Agriculture accounts for 7% of Turkey’s GDP, industry 27% and services 64%. In the industry, Turkey earns foreign exchange by manufacturing textiles, cement, steel and aluminum, chemicals and some automobiles. Similarly, it plays an important role in services by producing production, labor and products. However, it is important to note that Turkey’s trade is centered in a large number of European and American countries. After the revival of the Khilafah, Turkey will face a significant obstacle in running the current economic system, so the Erdogan government can think about all these issues better.
Culture: Turkey has been a staunch secular country for the past century and has become an important part of their society. Although this secularism has not eradicated Islamism and devotion to Islam among the Turks, their cultural structure has become so liberal that they can show considerable resistance to the implementation of caliphate orders.
Tourism: Turkey earns about 50 billion annually from tourism. If Turkey continues to advance towards the Khilafah on the basis of these measures, it will be difficult to stem the voices of the opposition in Turkey, which are currently being successfully suppressed, and in such uncertain political conditions, the industry There may be a shock.
Defense: Turkey is a NATO ally whose goal is that if a country imposes war on Turkey, NATO joint forces will defend Turkey. But in the case of the Khilafah, will Turkey continue to enjoy the status of a NATO ally? I don’t think Europe and the United States will support Turkey’s move. The second is Turkey’s centuries-old strained relations with Russia, which have improved considerably despite the assassination of the Russian ambassador and the downing of a Russian plane after a coup, a coup and a trade war with the United States. Similarly, if China and Russia adopt a common defense after joining Turkey, then Turkey can withdraw from NATO, which does not seem possible at the moment.
It should be noted that Turkey has about 60 NATO jointly owned warheads and a strong NATO defense base / cantonment in Turkey.
Support of Islamic countries and the role of Saudi Arabia: The importance of Saudi Arabia in the Islamic world is obvious. In any case, Saudi Arabia has influence over the entire Islamic world except Iran and Syria. Turkey’s relations with Saudi Arabia have been strained since the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi embassy in Turkey, and for a number of other reasons. Speaking of Saudi influence, the non-participation of the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the recent Islamic alliance of Pakistan, Turkey and Malaysia under Saudi pressure seals the Saudi influence on Islamic countries.
In such a scenario, gaining support from the Islamic world for an institution like the Khilafah could be a major challenge for Turkey.
So from all these facts comes the court decision to convert the Sofia Museum into a mosque, which of course came at the behest of the Turkish President, feels like a political stunt, just like the Babri Masjid and Ram Mandir controversy in India, while Pakistan There are a number of decisions involved.
After the revival of the Khilafah in Turkey, Turkey will have to deal with all these challenges. It should be noted that Turkey has friendly and diplomatic relations with Israel. In this case, Palestine and Israel are part of the former Ottoman Empire, which sooner or later Turkey will have to assert its rights, which may currently be unacceptable to the Western world.
Despite all this, the Turks are a brave nation. If they want to awaken their nation on the basis of their nationalism and the brilliance of the past, then revive the mosque from the museum, the cultural depiction of Ertugrul and Uthman (which Europe already calls the “soft bomb” of Muslims). And many such popular decisions are currently a political necessity for, which does not seem to include the decision to revive the Khilafah.
Originally published at https://zaviews.blogspot.com.